The Magna Carta Significance Today

By Roseann Hudson

In an absolute monarchy, absolute authority is exercised by the monarchs, who are typically called kings and queens, over their subjects. The monarchs are allowed by this kind of government to perform any action they want, may they be good ones or bad deeds. Nothing could be done by the subjects since the powers of these monarchs are not limited.

The monarchs of the past, typically the ones that ruled medieval England, were following total monarchical authority. However, some barons placing concerns over their rights, made the Great Charter which was signed by the ruler King John of England resulting to the emergence of constitutional law on that country. Human rights, the most important Magna Carta significance today, also emerged because of this particular event.

There are a lot of human rights that individuals should take note of. These rights are moral principles that everyone should respect. The following principles are only some of those that people really need to know. However, at the end of the day, everything will come down to respect.

The right to life is a basic one that everyone should have. Even babies inside wombs of mothers should have this. These babies should not be aborted or even the idea of the act thought of. Wars are also opposed by this principle as they could result to human casualties and sufferings.

An individual should not be inflicting pain on others and torturing them. Past rulers are typically using force and torture in asserting their political authority and the same reason is motivating present groups. However, this is also gratifying to other individuals, which is wrong morally. International law is prohibiting this act.

Persons should also not enslave their fellowmen. People of the past enslave others to work for their benefits. The slaves usually did not have the money to pay for the things that they have borrowed from these people or have done something wrong to them. Nowadays, international law also prohibits enslavement of other individuals for whatever reasons they have.

If various crimes are committed by certain persons, fair trials should be given to them. They should be judged by impartial tribunals after the gravity of their offenses have been weighed and if those accused are found guilty. Evidences of guilt of these accused individuals should be sought by the members of the tribunals. On the other hand, attorneys could also be asked by those accused so that they could be defended from the cases and they could be freed, hopefully, from the charges against them if indeed they have not committed the crimes.

A person could be saying whatever he wants freely as long as his intention is not to hurt anyone. He could be freely expressing his opinions on any topic which could be affecting him in any way. However, some countries are limited this right rendering the freedom to be not absolute. In such countries, an individual could be facing a criminal charge like libel, obscenity, and slander, among others.

People are also free to choose whatever religion they want to follow. There are a lot of religions that exist today which also have different teachings and beliefs. They also have the freedom not to choose any type of religion if they do not believe in such things, as well.

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